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However the origins of the name Hayastan trace back to much earlier dates and were first attested in circa 5th century in the works of Agathangelos  Faustus of Byzantium  Ghazar Parpetsi Koryun and Sebeos.
He relates that the people spoke a language that to his ear sounded like the language of the Persians. Of the four sons of Aram, Uz founded Trachonitis and Damascus: History of Armenia Antiquity Main articles: There is evidence of an early civilisation in Armenia in the Bronze Age and earlier, dating to about BC.
Archaeological surveys in and at the Areni-1 cave complex have resulted in the discovery of the world's earliest known leather shoe skirt,  and wine-producing facility. Each of the aforementioned nations and tribes participated in the ethnogenesis of the Armenians.
Yerevan is the world's oldest city to have documented the exact date of its foundation. Armenian soldier of the Achaemenid army, circa BC. Xerxes I tomb relief. During the late 6th century BC, the first geographical entity that was called Armenia by neighbouring populations was established under the Orontid Dynasty within the Achaemenid Empireas part of the latters' territories.
The kingdom became fully sovereign from the sphere of influence of the Seleucid Empire in BC under King Artaxias I and begun the rule of the Artaxiad dynasty. In the next centuries, Armenia was in the Persian Empire 's sphere of influence during the reign of Tiridates Ithe founder of the Arsacid dynasty of Armeniawhich itself was a branch of the Parthian Empire.
Throughout its history, the kingdom of Armenia enjoyed both periods of independence and periods of autonomy subject to contemporary empires.
The pagan Garni Templeprobably built in the first century, is the only "Greco-Roman colonnaded building" in the post-Soviet states. It particularly focused on the worship of Mithra and also included a pantheon of gods such as AramazdVahagnAnahitand Astghik.
The country used the solar Armenian calendarwhich consisted of 12 months. Christianity spread into the country as early as AD Prior to this, during the latter part of the Parthian period, Armenia was a predominantly Zoroastrian country.
Following the Battle of Avarayr inChristian Armenians maintained their religion and Armenia gained autonomy. Middle Ages This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
September Main article: The principality was ruled by the Prince of Armenia, and recognised by the Caliph and the Byzantine Emperor. Arminiya lasted untilwhen it regained its independence from the weakened Abbasid Caliphate under Ashot I of Armenia.
The reemergent Armenian kingdom was ruled by the Bagratuni dynasty and lasted until In time, several areas of the Bagratid Armenia separated as independent kingdoms and principalities such as the Kingdom of Vaspurakan ruled by the House of Artsruni in the south, Kingdom of Syunik in the east, or Kingdom of Artsakh on the territory of modern Nagorno-Karabakhwhile still recognising the supremacy of the Bagratid kings.
Soon, the other Armenian states fell under Byzantine control as well. The Byzantine rule was short lived, as in the Seljuk Empire defeated the Byzantines and conquered Armenia at the Battle of Manzikertestablishing the Seljuk Empire. Cilicia was a strong ally of the European Crusadersand saw itself as a bastion of Christendom in the East.
Cilicia's significance in Armenian history and statehood is also attested by the transfer of the seat of the Catholicos of the Armenian Apostolic Church, the spiritual leader of the Armenian people, to the region.
The Seljuk Empire soon started to collapse. In the early 12th century, Armenian princes of the Zakarid family drove out the Seljuk Turks and established a semi-independent principality in northern and eastern Armenia known as Zakarid Armeniawhich lasted under the patronage of the Georgian Kingdom.
Early Modern era Further information: After incessant invasions, each bringing destruction to the country, with time Armenia became weakened. From the mid 16th century with the Peace of Amasyaand decisively from the first half of the 17th century with the Treaty of Zuhab until the first half of the 19th century,  Eastern Armenia was ruled by the successive Safavid, Afsharid and Qajar empires, while Western Armenia remained under Ottoman rule.
FromAbbas I of Iran implemented a " scorched earth " policy in the region to protect his north-western frontier against any invading Ottoman forces, a policy that involved a forced resettlement of masses of Armenians outside of their homelands. However, as Christians under a strict Muslim social structureArmenians faced pervasive discrimination.Dec 27, · A glimpse of the World's First Christian Country.
"Travel is about seeing life through a prism of those alternative point of view. I definitely left my heart in Armenia! The AGBU WebTalks is an online video series that aims to capture and preserve the insights and passion of engaging, inspiring, dynamic thinkers from around the world, speaking on .
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Get started now! After the fall of the Kingdom of Armenia in , most of Armenia was incorporated as a marzpanate within the Sasanian Empire. Following the Battle of Avarayr in , Christian Armenians maintained their religion and Armenia gained autonomy.
France 24 presents a glimpse into Jerusalem’s Old City and an insight into the uneasy cohabitation of the communities that share this sliver of sacrosanct ground. One might think it would be a bit easier in the Armenian Quarter. In an effort to afford a glimpse into Kayseri’s rich sociocultural past, this book traces the physical and built environment that has been left from the Armenian and Greek communities of the region and presents the relationship of the urban culture of Ottoman Kayseri to its rural hinterland by way of statistical information and visual material.