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Social Welfare Policy Abstract and Keywords The educational imperative to study social welfare policy has remained a constant throughout the history of social-work education.
Although specific policies and social issues may change over time, the need to advocate for and create humane, justice-based social policy remains paramount.
The study of welfare policy contributes to the effectiveness of practitioners who are knowledgeable and skilled in analysis, advocacy, and the crafting of justice-based social welfare policies. In addition to traditional policy content areas, students should develop knowledge and skills in critical thinking, understand a range of justice theories, and recognize the direct interaction between globalization and national and local policy matters.
The study of social welfare is not a recent innovation; its antecedents can be traced to the late s and early s. Although accreditation and other forms of curriculum regulation were nonexistent, all programs did include the study of welfare history and policy matters Haggerty, p.
Inclusion of social welfare policy in education extends to social-work programs around the world. Canadian social-work education, for example, requires the study of Canadian welfare policy in accredited social-work programs Canadian Association for Social Work Education,p.
Worldwide, the promotion, development, and cultivation of effective policy in micro and macro arenas cross geographic borders and cultural divides. Social welfare policy is envisioned to be a powerful tool that can realize the aspirations of an entire society, as well as the dreams and ideals embraced by a local community, group, family, or individual.
Macro social welfare policy provides a framework and means to strengthen larger communities. As an instrument of change, social welfare policy can reduce or eliminate a particular issue that impacts at-risk and marginalized population groups such as children, families, seniors, and people of color.
Conversely, social policy may exacerbate or penalize a particular population group. Micro social welfare policy directly influences the scope of work provided by the practitioner. Ineffective social policy creates frustrating practice obstacles. Typical of the barriers created by policy are eligibility criteria that limit client access to services, regulations that do not allow for case advocacy, and increased caseloads supported with minimal resources and capped service time limits.
Social Welfare Policy Defined In its most basic form, social policy incorporates five core characteristics. Second, these values, principles, and beliefs become reality through a program and its resulting services. Third, policy provides legitimacy and sanctions an organization to provide a particular program or service.
Fourth, policy offers a roadmap for an organization to realize its mission. Fifth, policy creates the broad structural framework that guides the practitioner in his or her professional role. Although social welfare policy is not specifically defined in The Social Work Dictionary Barker,conceptually it is best thought of as a subset of the larger social policy arena.
Countering the preciseness of policy, Rohrlich finds it to be often vague and imprecise p. Policies reflect choices of a government or a nongovernmental agency for example, a nonprofit social service agency.
Such choices are tied to and build values, beliefs, and principles; programs vary in form and function with services ranging from minimal and limiting to comprehensive and wide ranging. Essentially, TANF reflects the centuries-old belief that the poor are the cause of their life situation; public assistance only reinforces their dependence on others; and all assistance should be minimal in amount and duration.
Seniors, on the other hand, who worked and contributed to the greater good through their payroll taxes, are able to make a just claim for their retirement benefits. Wilensky and Lebeauxin their classic work Industrial Society and Social Welfare, detail a framework that captures the differences in social policies.
Their model includes two perspectives, residual and institutional.
A residual framework conceptualizes social welfare in narrow terms, typically restricted to public assistance or policies related to the poor.Michael Hill is Emeritus Professor of Social Policy at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne and Visiting Professor at Queen Mary College, University of London and the University of Brighton.
He is the author of numerous books on Social Policy and the study of policy processes. Zoë Irving is lecturer in Comparative Social Policy at the University of Sheffield.
Understanding Social Welfare: A Search for Social Justice is presented in an organized, comprehensive, and scholarly manner, including social policy concepts. It is accessible to students and helps them acquire the basic tools for understanding, analyzing, and evaluating social welfare policies and ashio-midori.coms: Indexes over of the core, English language journals in social science disciplines including sociology and social work, public administration, political science, public welfare, and urban studies.
Indexes many journals back to and, beginning with , includes many full-text articles. Social policy, administration and social work are all aimed at the administration of welfare and the main areas of concern include tackling of social problems, administration of health, education and employment services, community care, crime and disability.
Social Work Education: Social Welfare Policy. Although specific content, such as social welfare history, knowledge of current welfare legislation, and understanding the dynamics of the policy process, are traditional areas of study, the mastery of knowledge and skills in three spheres is essential: critical thinking, theories of justice.
Indexes over of the core, English language journals in social science disciplines including sociology and social work, public administration, political science, public welfare, and urban studies.
Indexes many journals back to and, beginning with , includes many full-text articles.