This abattoir was a catchment area for cattle coming from Lyantonde district and neighboring districts of Kiruhura, Rakai district and Sembabule. These areas are characterized semi-arid climate where there are two dry seasons June-August and December-February and two wet seasons March-May and September-November.
The Internet Journal of Veterinary Medicine. Abstract A study was conducted to determine the prevalence rate and the economic significance of bovine Fasciolosis in Jimma municipality Dvm thesis bovine fasciolosis by using post-mortem examination of liver of each slaughtered animal in particular and secondary data analysis.
The objectives of the study were to determine the overall prevalence rate and economic significance of bovine fasciolosis in Jimma municipality abattoir and to determine the most prevalent species of liver fluke in indigenous adult cattle slaughtered in the abattoir and thus, in the localities from where these food animals were provided for slaughtering.
From the total number of cattle slaughtered during the study period In line to the economic importance of bovine Fasciolosis in the study area, the problem caused loss of an average of Bovine fasciolosis is an economically important parasitic disease of cattle caused by Fasciolidae trematodes of the genus Fasciola.
The two most important species of this genus, F. Generally, the distributioin of fasciolosis is worldwide, however, the distribution of F. The definitive hosts for F. The geographic distribution of trematode species is dependent on the distribution of suitable species of snails. The genus Lymnaea in general and L.
This species of snail was reported to have a worldwide distribution Urquhart el al The presence of fasciolosis due to F. In Ethiopia, the prevalence of bovine fasciolosis has shown to range from The study conducted at Dire Dawa revealed that out of cattle slaughtered in the abattoir, the prevalence of fasciolosis has been found to be The distribution of F.
Moreover, the studies also showed that fasciolosis has higher economic significance on animal production and productivity.
The economic losses due to fasciolosis throughout the world are enormous and these losses are associated with mortality, morbidity, reduced growth rate, condemnation of fluky, liver, increased susceptibility to secondary infections and expense due to control measures Malone et al A rough estimate of the economic loss due to decreased productivity caused by bovine fasciolosis is about million birr per annual Bahiru and Ephrem According to the study conducted by Abdul and Daniel a total economic loss of about, andEthiopian birr per annum in cattle were reported due to fasciolosis at Ziway and Dire Dawa municipal slaughterhouses, respectively.
Diagnosis is based primarily on clinical signs, seasonal occurrence, previous history of fasciolosis on the farm or the identification of snail habitats; postmortem examination, haematological tests and examination of faeces for fluke eggs. Even though, it is impossible to detect fasciola in live animals, liver examination at slaughter or necropsy was found to be the most direct, reliable, and cost effective technique for the diagnosis of fasciolosis Urquhart et al Therefore, the objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence and the economic significance of bovine fasciolosis due to organ condemnation in Jimma municipality abattoir.
The study area receives a mean annual rainfall of about millimeters which comes from the long and short rainy seasons. The annual mean minimum and maximum temperature during the study period were Study population In the study adult male indigenous cattle provided for slaughter from different localities in the southwestern part of Ethiopia were included.
Cattle slaughtered in the abattoir were brought from different markets which in turn are provided from different livestock markets in their vicinity. Study design A cross sectional study type was conducted to determine the prevalence rate and the economic significance of bovine Fasciolosis by using post-mortem examination of different organs in general and liver of each slaughtered animal in particular and also secondary data analysis.
During the study special attention was given to the livers of the animals and liver of each slaughtered was carefully examined by visualization and palpation of the entire organ that was followed by transverse incision of the organ across the thin left lob in order to confirm the case or the problem Urquhart ; Soulsby.
Species identification of the recovered fasciola was also performed based on the morphological features of the agents and classified in to F. Urquhart ; SoulsbyData Collection Appropriate data were collected by using post-mortem examination of the organs so far claimed to be infected by fasciolosis and secondary data analysis.
An interview was made with retailers of offal produced at Jimma municipality abattoir to obtain information on the average price of a liver in the study area during the study time. According to the response of the retailers the price of a liver was found to be ten Ethiopian birr on average. Statistical Analysis Prevalence of fasciolosis was calculated as the number of cattle found to be infected with Fasciola, expressed as a percentage of the total number of cattle slaughtered Thrusfield The economic significance of the problem was analyzed based on the information obtained during interview and calculated on daily and annual basis.
Results Postmortem examination inspection A total of adult indigenous cattle were slaughtered at Jimma abattoir and examined for fasciolosis.Bovine fasciolosis is an economically important parasitic disease of cattle caused by Fasciolidae, which are trematodes of the genus Fasciola.
The two most important species of this genus are F. hepatica and ashio-midori.comica. The presence of fasciolosis due to F. hepatica and F. gigantica in Ethiopia has. Fasciolosis is one of the major constraint factors for ovine production development in Ethiopia by inflecting direct and indirect loss at different parts of the country.
Ovine fasciolosis is an. Wessie M () Prevalence of bovine and ovine veterinary medicine for they guide me by internet fasciolosis a preliminary survey in Nekemte and its access surrounding areas, DVM Thesis, FVM, Addis Ababa University, Dedre Zeit, Ethiopia pp: 30 References Prevalence and gross significance of Bovine fasciolosis in Sinnana district, pathological lesion of Bovine fasciolosis in Mekele DVM thesis, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Addis municipal abattoir.
Mulugeta T Prevalence and Economic Significance of Bovine fasciolosis at the Sopral Kombolcha meat factory, DVM thesis, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Addis Ababa University. Debre Zeit, Ethiopia. DVM Thesis, Haramaya University, Ethiopia. Epidemiology of Bovine Fasciolosis in Three Woredas of South Gondar Administrative Zone Bordering Lake Tana.
Report on Research Project, South Gondar Department of Agriculture, Addis Zemen.