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He is perhaps best known for his novels about boyhood life on the Mississippi River in the midth Century: Under the pen name Mark Twain, Clemens published more than 30 works of literature that included satire, historical fiction, short stories, and nonfiction.
In addition to those well-known works, Twain also wrote five travelogues that detailed his experiences in the Western U. Father History reviews and interprets events from the Garden of Eden through the Fall and the Flood, translating the papers of Adam and his descendants.
Childhood and early occupations Samuel Langhorne Clemens was born the sixth of seven children in the small village of Florida, Missourion November 30th, His father moved the family to Hannibal, when Samuel was four.
He spent a large part of his boyhood on the west bank of the Mississippi River. Like numerous authors of his day, Sam had little formal training. His education was earned in the print shops and newspaper offices where he worked as a youth.
From tohe continued to work as a humor writer under such pseudonyms as Thomas Jefferson Snodgrass, W. InClemens decided to leave Hannibal and travel. During a visit to New Orleans, Louisianahe persuaded a riverboat captain to teach him his skills.
By the spring ofClemens was a licensed riverboat pilot. He might have remained a pilot if it had not been for the Civil Warwhich closed the river for a time.
After being part of the Confederate Army for just two weeks, he resigned as he referred to his desertion and traveled to Nevada with his brother, an abolitionist whom President Lincoln had appointed as secretary to the territorial governor.
Much like his father, Clemens was prone to dreaming up grandiose schemes for making money, and elected to search the west for silver as war raged in the East.
In he went to work with the Virginia City Territorial Enterprise, where his abilities as a reporter and humorist became evident. San Francisco] only to have his repeated assaults on the city government involve him in a feud with the police force.
It was in that area of played-out mines inhabited by played-out prospectors that Twain heard the tale of the jumping frog, which became the basis for his humorous short story "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County.
Publication of the Jumping Frog seemed to turn things around for Twain, and his career as a humorist was underway. He not only wrote humorous short stories for magazines and newspapers, but also took an assignment in Hawaii inas a travel correspondent for the Sacramento Union.
On his return from Hawaii, Twain made his debut as a lecturer, including in his first brief tour a triumphant return to Virginia City. He then left the West, never to return. The record of that trip was first written as dispatches to the San Francisco Alta California, and then rewritten as The Innocents Abroad.
The young couple first lived in Buffalo, New Yorkand then, in an effort to be closer to his publisher, Twain and his wife moved to Hartford, Connecticut. It was in Hartford that he wrote his masterpiece, Tom Sawyer. The Twains had four children: Langdon, Susy, Clara, and Jean. Langdon died of diphtheria in The other children were born between and During that period, he lectured often in the United States and England.
He and Hartford Courant publisher Charles Dudley Warner co-wrote The Gilded Age, a novel that attacked political corruption, big business and the American obsession with getting rich that seemed to dominate the era.
From toTwain and his family lived in Hartford. During those years, Twain completed some of his most famous works. Such novels as Tom Sawyer, published inand Life on the Mississippi, published incaptured his memories of Missouri and American life at that time.This was the Gilded Age that Mark Twain lampooned so viciously.
Of course, many of Twain's contemporaries disagreed with his characterization of the period. Social Darwinists like William Graham Sumner argued that the turbulence and casualties of economic development were unfortunate but .
This book is filled with a lot of sharp satire that "satirizes almost every aspect of 19th century political and social mores." (Rasmussen ). (Rasmussen ). The . Mark Twain was (/is regarded as) the first literary voice that was distinctly American.
Most everyone that came before him wrote in an English or otherwise European voice. Mark Twain wrote "with the bark on". In the same way that blues is American music, Twain is American literature they're from this continent. Nov 18, · Samuel Clemens, aka Mark Twain, was cemented as a premier writer of late 19th century America with his works "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer" and "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn." Find out more.
Start studying THE AMERICAN NOVEL. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Social issues were a subject of novelists in the late nineteenth century.
True. Harriet Beecher Stowe. Uncle Tom's Cabin. James Fenimore Cooper.
The Mark Twain novel that contributed to the romantic revival in literature. Twain is mainly important for the novel The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
Many scholars consider it the greatest American novel ever written because it dealt with the humanity of African-Americans, It is funny, told from a child’s point of view but serious as it deals with race, greed, child abuse etc.