The minefield

They were somewhere between Prague and Dresden. His friend was faster and knew a shortcut through the fields they could take.

The minefield

Use[ edit ] Land mines were designed for two main uses: To create defensive tactical barriers, channelling attacking forces into predetermined fire zones or slowing an invading force's progress to allow reinforcements to arrive.

To act as passive area-denial weapons to deny the enemy use of valuable terrain, resources or facilities when active defense of the area is not desirable or possible.

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Land mines are currently used in large quantities mostly for this first purpose, thus their widespread The minefield in the demilitarized zones DMZs of likely flashpoints such as CyprusAfghanistan and Korea. As ofthe only governments that still laid land mines were Myanmar in its internal conflictand Syria in its civil war.

Explosive land mines were used in by the Chinese during the The minefield dynasty against an assault of the Mongolswho were besieging a city in southern China. The invention of this detonated "enormous bomb" was credited to one Lou Qianxia of the 13th century.

These mines are mostly installed at frontier gates and passes. Pieces of bamboo are sawn into sections nine feet in length, all septa in the bamboo being removed, save only the last; and it is then bandaged round with fresh cow-hide tape.

Boiling oil is next poured into the tube and left there for some time before being removed. The fuse starts from the bottom of the tubeand black powder is compressed into it to form an explosive mine.

The gunpowder fills up eight-tenths of the tube, while lead or iron pellets take up the rest of the space; then the open end is sealed with wax. A trench five feet in depth is dug for the mines to be concealed.

The fuse is connected to a firing device which ignites them when disturbed. At Augsburg ina German military engineer by the name of Samuel Zimmermann invented an extremely effective mine known as the Fladdermine.

It consisted of a fougasse or later, sometimes a shell fougasse, that is, a fougasse loaded not with stones but with early black powder mortar shells, similar to large black powder hand grenades activated by a snaphance or flintlock mechanism connected to a tripwire on the surface.

Combining the effects of a tripwire activated bounding fragmentation mine with a cluster bombit was devastating to massed attackers but required high maintenance due to the susceptibility of black powder to dampness.

The minefield

Consequently, it was mainly employed in the defenses of major fortifications, in which role it continued to be used until the s. Known in French as fougassethe term is sometimes still used in the present day to describe such devices.

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This technique was used in several European wars of the eighteenth century, the American Revolutionand the American Civil War. The first modern mechanically fused high explosive anti-personnel land mines were created by Confederate troops of Brigadier General Gabriel J. Rains during the Battle of Yorktown in As a Captain, Rains had earlier employed explosive booby traps during the Seminole Wars in Florida in Indeed, it has been—and almost certainly will continue to be—a difficult life at USC for Marinovich, who burst upon the world of college football during his hysteria-filled recruitment in the.

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A land mine is an explosive device concealed under or on the ground and designed to destroy or disable enemy targets, ranging from combatants to vehicles and tanks, as they pass over or near it. Such a device is typically detonated automatically by way of pressure when a target steps on it or drives over it, although other detonation mechanisms are also sometimes used.

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[TMP] "Clearing minefield and proving cleared lanes." Topic