Background History The acquisition of island of Spanish owned Cuba, only ninety miles off the shore from Florida, had long been a goal of expansionists in the United States. The Spanish victory over Cuba in the Ten Years War — foreshadowed the Cuban rebellion that erupted between
Militarily speaking, the Spanish-American War of was so brief and relatively bloodless as to have been a mere passing episode in the history of modern warfare.
Its political and diplomatic consequences, however, were enormous: In the spring of both the Senate and the House of Representatives declared by concurrent resolution that belligerent rights should be accorded the insurgents.
This expression of congressional opinion was ignored by Pres. Grover Clevelandwho opposed intervention, though he intimated in his final message to Congress that prolongation of the war might make it necessary. His successor, William McKinleywas equally desirous of preserving peace with Spain, but, in his first instructions to the new minister to Spain, Stewart L.
Woodford, and again in his first message to Congress, he made it plain that the U. President Grover Cleveland centre left and President-elect William McKinley en route to the inauguration ceremony, Library of Congress, Washington, D.
In the fall of a new Spanish ministry offered concessions to the insurgents. It would recall General Weyler, abandon his reconcentration policy, and allow Cuba an elected cortes parliament with limited powers of self-government.
These concessions came too late. The insurgent leaders would now settle for nothing short of complete independence.
The Spanish–American War began on April 25, due to a series of escalating disputes between the two nations, and ended on December 10, with the signing of the Treaty of Paris. May 14, · Watch video · The Spanish-American War was an conflict between the United States and Spain that ended Spanish colonial rule in the Americas and resulted in U.S. acquisition of territories in the western. Spanish-American War for kids William McKinley was the 25th American President who served in office from March 4, to September 14, One of the important events during his presidency was the Spanish-American War.
The war went on in Cuba, and a series of incidents brought the United States to the brink of intervention. The sensation caused by this incident was eclipsed dramatically six days later. On the night of February 15, a mighty explosion sank the Maine at her Havana anchorage, and more than of her crew were killed.
Responsibility for the disaster was never determined. The Spanish government offered to submit the question of its responsibility to arbitration, but the U. The demand for intervention became insistent, in Congress, on the part of both Republicans and Democrats though such Republican leaders as Sen.
Mark Hanna and Speaker Thomas B. Reed opposed itand in the country at large. Such opposition diminished after a speech in the Senate on March 17 by Sen. Redfield Proctor of Vermontwho had just returned from a tour of Cuba. In matter-of-fact and unsensational language, Proctor described his observations of the war-torn island: Let Spain, he wrote, abandon reconcentration in fact as well as in name, declare an armistice, and accept U.
In a separate note, however, he made it clear that nothing less than independence for Cuba would be acceptable.Following the Spanish defeats in Cuba and Puerto Rico, an armistice was arranged on August 12, Fighting was halted and Spain recognized Cuba`s independence.
The U.S. occupation of the Philippines was recognized pending final disposition of the islands. The Digital Public Library of America brings together the riches of America’s libraries, archives, and museums, and makes them freely available to the world.
The war officially ended four months later, when the U.S. and Spanish governments signed the Treaty of Paris on December 10, Apart from guaranteeing the independence of Cuba, the treaty also forced Spain to cede Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States.
The Treaty of Paris, signed December 10, , conformed to these terms. Spain relinquished Cuba and ceded to the United States the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam.
Spain relinquished Cuba and ceded to the United States the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam. Spanish-American War for kids William McKinley was the 25th American President who served in office from March 4, to September 14, One of the important events during his presidency was the Spanish-American War.
The Treaty of Paris, signed in Paris by representatives of King George III of Great Britain and representatives of the United States of America on September 3, , ended the American Revolutionary ashio-midori.com treaty set the boundaries between the British Empire in North America and the United States, on lines "exceedingly generous" to the latter.
Details included fishing rights and .