Civilians are gathered up and moved to safe areas for protection during the search of the area. Others are being lifted out by helicopter to a safe area. Vietnam Photograph Collection Photo Credit: Nixon publicly unveiled what would subsequently become known as the Nixon Doctrine.
Military - Vietnamization By imposing a limit on American participation in the war the effect of the decisions made following the Tet offensive of early -- the administration of President Lyndon B. Johnson began modifying the partnership between the United States and South Vietnam.
The ultimate objective remained a free and independent South Vietnam, but the United States no longer pursued that goal by means of a bombing campaign in the North and by a war of attrition in the South fought largely by American troops.
Instead, the United States began to train and equip the South Vietnamese to take over the war, while at the same time engaging in negotiations with the enemy to end the fighting and acknowledge the right of South Vietnam to exist.
North Vietnam proved willing enough to talk; in Mayafter Rolling Thunder diminished in scale, the Hanoi government entered into preliminary discussions at Paris that involved the United States, South Vietnam, and, after much haggling, the political leaders of the Viet Cong.
Nixon, a Republican, was about to take the oath of office as President, did the preliminaries end so that the negotiators could begin addressing issues of substance. The discussions soon revealed that North Vietnam, although willing to participate, would make no major concessions that might jeopardize the ultimate conquest of the South; fight and talk becarne the national policy, which persisted after the death of Ho Chi Minh in September The Nixon administration took over the basic strategy adopted by President Johnson and named it Vietnamization, a label proposed by Secretary of Defense Melvin R.
The original choice, de-Americanization, had seemed not only less euphonious but also hurtful to South Vietnamese pride since its use acknowledged that the United States had indeed taken over the war. The Americans in the ground forces, which contained the greatest share of draftees and suffered the most casualties, would be the first to depart as the South Vietnamese took over.
However, the reduction of American casualties, and the resulting political effects, soon took precedence over the difficult job of fitting out and trainiing the armed forces of South Vietnam.
He acknowledged years afterward that by late summer of"We were clearly on the way out of Vietnam by negotiation if possible, by unilateral withdrawal if necessary. The motives of the demonstrators varied from a sincere belief that the war was morally wrong to a fear of being drafted and possibly serving in South Vietnam.
By embarking on a well-publicized course of disengagement and withdrawal and later by easing the impact of the draft preparatory to abolishing it altogetherthe Nixon administration bought time for negotiation but at the same time relaxed the pressure on North Vietnam to respond.
The American withdrawals thus represented a concession by the Nixon administration to the antiwar faction rather than a reaction to concessions by the communist side in the peace negotiations. Not even a series of secret discussions between Kissinger and representatives of North Vietnam could persuade the communists to accept a program of mutual troop withdrawals.
The South Vietnamese Army did not perform well in Laos. Reflecting on the operation, Lt. He also observed that from the battalion to the division level the army had become dependent on U.
At the highest levels of command, he added, "the need for advisers was more acutely felt in two specific areas: The basic weakness of [South Vietnamese] units at regimental and sometimes division level in those areas," he continued, "seriously affected the performance of subordinate units.
Success might have persuaded Congress and the public to tolerate a somewhat longer US military involvement. Instead, widespread perceptions of a South Vietnamese defeat fuelled antiwar feeling.
The argument that Vietnamization was making progress and only needed enough time and perseverance no longer rang true.What did President Nixon's policy of Vietnamization mean for the United States?
Troops would continue to fight until Communism was defeated. The war was to be turned back over to the South Vietnamese.5/5(8). Richard Milhous Nixon Vietnamization Speech, November 3, Good evening, my fellow Americans: Tonight I want to talk to you on a subject of deep concern to all Americans and to many people in all parts of the world - the war in Vietnam.
US History Chapter 29 "The Vietnam War Era" STUDY. What effect did Nixon's visit have on relations between China and the United States, according to Zhou Enlai?
President Nixon's Vietnamization policy emphasized that the United States must. empower South . Jan 23, · In United States: Foreign affairs announced his policy of “Vietnamization,” according to which more and more of the fighting was to be assumed by South Vietnam itself, he began by expanding the fighting in Southeast Asia with a “incursion” into ashio-midori.com incident aroused strong protest; student demonstrations at Kent State University in.
What did President Nixon's policy of Vietnamization mean for the United States? Troops would continue to fight until Communism was defeated. The war was to be turned back over to the South Vietnamese.5/5(9).
Richard Milhous Nixon Vietnamization Speech, November 3, Good evening, my fellow Americans: Tonight I want to talk to you on a subject of deep concern to all Americans and to many people in all parts of the world - the war in Vietnam.