Why Do People Emigrate? And my husband was an immigrant when we met.
Portugal Table of Contents Portugal has long been a nation whose people emigrated. Socially significant emigration first occurred in the fifteenth century and sixteenth century during the great explorations. Although the Portuguese established trading posts at many places in Africa and Asia, Brazil was the main colony of settlement.
Later, numbers of Portuguese settled in the African colonies of Angola and Mozambique. Emigration on a massive scale began in the second half of the nineteenth century and continued into the s.
Between andPortugal lost an estimated 2. Emigration remained high until and the first oil shock that slowed the economies of West European nations and reduced employment opportunities for Portuguese workers.
Since then, emigration has been moderate, ranging between 12, and 17, a year in the s, a fraction of the emigration that occurred during the s and early s.
The main motive for emigration, at least in modern times, was economic. Portugal was long among the poorest countries in Europe. With the countryside able to support only a portion of farmers' offspring and few opportunities in the manufacturing sector, many Portuguese had to go abroad to find work.
In northern Portugal, for example, many young men emigrated because the land was divided into "handkerchief-sized" plots. In some periods, Portuguese emigrated to avoid military service. Thus, emigration increased during World War I and during the s and early s, when Portugal waged a series of wars in an attempt to retain its African colonies.
For centuries it was mainly men who emigrated. Around the turn of the century, about 80 percent of emigrants were male. Even in the s, male emigrants outnumbered female emigrants two to one. Portuguese males traditionally emigrated for several years while women and children remained behind.
For several decades after World War II, however, women made up about 40 percent of emigrants. The social effects resulting from this extensive and generally male emigration included an aging population, a disproportionate number of women, and a slower rate of population growth.
Childbearing was postponed, and many women were obliged to remain single or to spend many years separated from their husbands. In some areas where emigration was particularly intense, especially in the north, villages resembled ghost towns and visitors noted that it seemed that only women were working in the fields.
Although emigration brought with it untold human suffering, it had positive effects, as well. The women who stayed behind became more independent as they managed the family farm and fended for themselves. Emigrants abroad absorbed the more open and pluralistic mores of more advanced countries; they also learned about independent labor unions and extensive social welfare programs.
The money that emigrants sent back to Portugal from their job earnings abroad became crucial for the functioning of the Portuguese economy. Quite a number of the Portuguese who had done well abroad eventually returned and built houses that were considerably better than the ones they had left behind years earlier.
During the latter half of the nineteenth century and during much of the twentieth century, the greatest number of emigrants went to the Western Hemisphere. The Americas were seen as a New World offering hope, jobs, land, and a chance to start fresh.
Between andthe Americas received approximately 50 percent of all Portuguese emigration. Brazil was the destination of choice.
In addition to the climate, ties of history, culture, and language attracted the Portuguese to Brazil and enabled them to assimilate easily. Despite occasional tensions between them and the Brazilians, the Portuguese saw Brazil as a land of the future with abundant land and jobs.
Hence, about 30 percent of Portugal's emigrants settled there between and A final surge of Portuguese emigrants was caused by the Revolution ofwhen an estimated 20, to 30, Portuguese associated with the former regime fled or were exiled to Brazil.
According to government estimates, more than 1 million Portuguese were living in Brazil in the s. Among the other Latin American countries, Venezuela has ranked second to Brazil in terms of Portuguese emigration, and Argentina third.
Other Latin American countries have received only a few Portuguese immigrants, for the Portuguese, like other peoples, preferred to go to countries where their fellow countrypeople could help them get settled.So, these are three reasons why the Chinese people came to the US.
The last question is what kinds of the jobs did those Chinese immigrants do in the US, Chinese immigrants in the late 19th century faced many hardships that had a profound effect on America.
Why do most people migrate within and emigrate from this region? take advantage of job opportunities In which country of this region do foreigners make up the majority of the working population?
According to the latest CSO figures, 50, Irish people emigrated in the 12 months to April. Overall, 89, people left the country in this period — an increase of % on the 87, in People emigrate to improve their living conditions and emigration seems to make that happen.
Thus, according to the results of the QUIBB (Questionnaire unifié des indicateurs de base du bien-être) survey “close to 66 per cent of households consider that their living conditions have improved comparatively over the last five years (i.e. Oct 28, · People emigrate because they are forced out by thieves and murderers (currently occurring in Syria), they are themselves thieves (Dutch Ukrainian farmers) or they created a sh*t hole and have to flee (South Africans).
Oct 16, · The number of Russians trying to emigrate to the States has never been higher. If Russians Hate the U.S. So Much, Why Do They Want to Move There?
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